Patient abuse or neglect is any action or failure to act which causes unreasonable suffering, misery or harm to the patient. It includes physically striking or sexually assaulting a patient. It also includes withholding of necessary food, physical care, and medical attention.
It applies to various contexts such as hospitals, nursing homes, clinics and home visits. Persecution is the systematic mistreatment of an individual or group by another group. The most common forms are religious persecution , ethnic persecution , and political persecution ; though there is naturally some overlap between these terms. Physical abuse is abuse involving contact intended to cause feelings of intimidation, pain , injury, or other physical suffering or bodily harm.
Torture is any act by which severe pain , whether physical or psychological, is intentionally inflicted. Police brutality is the intentional use of excessive force by a police officer. Though usually physical it has the potential to arise in the form of verbal attacks or psychological intimidation. It is in some instances triggered by " contempt of cop ", i. Police misconduct refers to inappropriate actions taken by police officers in connection with their official duties. Police misconduct can lead to a miscarriage of justice and sometimes involves discrimination.
A prejudice is a preconceived belief, opinion, or judgment toward a group of people or a single person because of race , social class, gender , ethnicity , sexual orientation , age , disability , political beliefs, religion, line of work or other personal characteristics. It also means a priori beliefs without knowledge of the facts and includes "any unreasonable attitude that is unusually resistant to rational influence.
Prisoner abuse is the mistreatment of persons while they are under arrest or incarcerated. Abuse falling into this category includes:. Professional abusers: .
The role of mass media in facilitating community education and child abuse prevention strategies
Psychological abuse, also referred to as emotional abuse or mental abuse, is a form of abuse characterized by a person subjecting or exposing another to behavior that is psychologically harmful. Such abuse is often associated with situations of power imbalance, such as abusive relationships , bullying , child abuse and in the workplace. Racism is abusive attitudes or treatment of others based on the belief that race is a primary determinant of human traits and capacities.
It is a form of pride that one's own race is superior and, as a result, has a right to "rule or dominate others," according to a Macquarie Dictionary definition.
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Racism is correlated with and can foster race-based prejudice , violence, dislike , discrimination, and oppression. Ragging is a form of abuse on newcomers to educational institutions in India , Sri Lanka , and Australia. It is similar to the American phenomenon known as hazing. Currently, Sri Lanka is said to be its worst affected country in the world. Rape, a form of sexual assault , is an assault by a person involving sexual intercourse with or without sexual penetration of another without the other's consent this includes those who are considered unable to consent, e.
The rate of reporting, prosecution and convictions for rape varies considerably in different jurisdictions. Relational aggression, also known as covert aggression  or covert bullying  is a type of aggression in which harm is caused through damage to relationships or social status within a group rather than physical violence.
Educating Women, Children, and Families on Child Abuse and Domestic Violence
Rudeness also called impudence or effrontery is the disrespect and failure to behave within the context of a society or a group of people's social laws or etiquette. Satanic ritual abuse SRA, sometimes known as ritual abuse, ritualistic abuse, organised abuse, sadistic ritual abuse and other variants was a moral panic that originated in the United States in the s, spreading throughout the country and eventually to many parts of the world, before subsiding in the late s.
School bullying is a type of bullying that occurs in connection with education, either inside or outside of school. Bullying can be physical, verbal, or emotional and is usually repeated over a period of time. Self-destructive behaviour is a broad set of extreme actions and emotions including self-harm and drug abuse. It can take a variety of forms, and may be undertaken for a variety of reasons. It tends to be most visible in young adults and adolescents, but may affect people of any age. Sexual abuse is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another, when that force falls short of being considered a sexual assault.
The offender is referred to as a "sexual abuser " or — more pejoratively — "molester ". When the victim is younger than the age of consent , it is referred to as child sexual abuse. Sexual bullying is "any bullying behaviour, whether physical or non-physical, that is based on a person's sexuality or gender. It is when sexuality or gender is used as a weapon by boys or girls towards other boys or girls — although it is more commonly directed at girls.
It can be carried out to a person's face, behind their back or through the use of technology. A "smear campaign", "smear tactic" or simply "smear" is a metaphor for activity that can harm an individual or group's reputation by conflation with a stigmatised group.
Sometimes smear is used more generally to include any reputation-damaging activity, including such colloquialisms as mud slinging. Spiritual abuse occurs when a person in religious authority or a person with a unique spiritual practice misleads and maltreats another person in the name of God or Chur or in the mystery of any spiritual concept. Spiritual abuse often refers to an abuser using spiritual or religious rank in taking advantage of the victim's spirituality mentality and passion on spiritual matters by putting the victim in a state of unquestioning obedience to an abusive authority.
Stalking is unwanted attention towards others by individuals and sometimes groups of people. Stalking behaviours are related to harassment and intimidation. The word "stalking" is a term that has different meanings in different contexts in psychology and psychiatry ; and some legal jurisdictions use it to refer to a certain type of criminal offence. It may also to refer to criminal offences or civil wrongs that include conduct which some people consider to be stalking, such as those described in law as "harassment" or similar terms.
Structural abuse is sexual , emotional or physical abuse that is imposed on an individual or group by a social or cultural system or authority. Structural abuse is indirect, and exploits the victim on an emotional, mental or psychological level. Substance abuse , also known as drug abuse , is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
Widely differing definitions of drug abuse are used in public health, medical and criminal justice contexts.
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In some cases criminal or anti-social behavior occurs when the person is under the influence of a drug, and long term personality changes in individuals may occur as well. Surveillance abuse is the use of surveillance methods or technology to monitor the activity of an individual or group of individuals in a way which violates the social norms or laws of a society.
Mass surveillance by the state may constitute surveillance abuse if not appropriately regulated. Surveillance abuse often falls outside the scope of lawful interception. It is illegal because it violates peoples' right to privacy. A taunt is a battle cry , a method in hand-to-hand combat, sarcastic remark, or insult intended to demoralise the recipient, or to anger them and encourage reactionary behaviours without thinking. Taunting can exist as a form of social competition to gain control of the target's cultural capital i.
Taunting is committed by either directly bullying , or indirectly encouraging others to bully the target.
It is also possible to give a response of the same kind, to ensure one's own status. It can be compared to fighting words and trash-talk. Teasing is a word with many meanings. In human interactions, teasing comes in two major forms, playful and hurtful. In mild cases, and especially when it is reciprocal, teasing can be viewed as playful and friendly. However, teasing is often unwelcome and then it takes the form of harassment. In extreme cases, teasing may escalate to actual violence, and may even result in abuse. Children are commonly teased on such matters as their appearance , weight, behaviour , abilities , and clothing.
One may also tease an animal. Some animals, such as dogs and cats, may recognise this as play; but in humans, teasing can become hurtful and take the form of bullying and abuse.
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Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion. It is sometimes sponsored by state policies when a country is not able to prove itself militarily to another enemy country. Trans bashing is the act of victimising a person physically, sexually, or verbally because they are transgender or transsexual. Umpire abuse refers to the act of abuse towards a umpire , referee, or other official in sport. The abuse can be verbal abuse such as namecalling , or physical abuse such as punching.
Verbal abuse is a form of abusive behaviour involving the use of language. It is a form of profanity that can occur with or without the use of expletives. While oral communication is the most common form of verbal abuse, it also includes abusive words in written form. Verbal abuse is a pattern of behaviour that can seriously interfere with one's positive emotional development and can lead to significant detriment to one's self-esteem , emotional well-being , and physical state.
It has been further described as an ongoing emotional environment organised by the abuser for the purposes of control. A whispering campaign is a method of persuasion in which damaging rumours or innuendo are spread about the target, while the source of the rumours seeks to avoid being detected while spreading them for example, a political campaign might distribute anonymous flyers attacking the other candidate. Workplace bullying, like childhood bullying , is the tendency of individuals or groups to use persistent aggressive or unreasonable behaviour against a co-worker.
Workplace bullying can include such tactics as verbal , nonverbal , psychological , physical abuse and humiliation. This type of aggression is particularly difficult because unlike the typical forms of school bullying , workplace bullies often operate within the established rules and policies of their organisation and their society. Bullying in the workplace is in the majority of cases reported as having been perpetrated by a manager and takes a wide variety of forms.
Abuse - Wikipedia
Some important characteristics and styles of abuse are: . Telltale signs may include: . Abusive power and control or controlling behaviour or coercive control is the way that abusers gain and maintain power and control over a victim for an abusive purpose such as psychological , physical , sexual , or financial abuse. The abuse can be for various reasons such as personal gain, personal gratification , psychological projection , devaluation , envy , or just for the sake of it as the abuser may simply enjoy exercising power and control.
Controlling abusers may use multiple tactics to exert power and control over their victims. The tactics themselves are psychologically and sometimes physically abusive. Control may be helped through economic abuse thus limiting the victim's actions as they may then lack the necessary resources to resist the abuse. Manipulators and abusers control their victims with a range of tactics, including positive reinforcement such as praise , superficial charm , flattery , ingratiation , love bombing , smiling , gifts , attention , negative reinforcement , intermittent or partial reinforcement, psychological punishment such as nagging , silent treatment , swearing , threats, intimidation , emotional blackmail , guilt trips , inattention and traumatic tactics such as verbal abuse or explosive anger.
The vulnerabilities of the victim are exploited with those who are particularly vulnerable being most often selected as targets. Isolation , gaslighting , mind games , lying , disinformation , propaganda , destabilisation , brainwashing and divide and rule are other strategies that are often used. The victim may be plied with alcohol or drugs or deprived of sleep to help disorientate them.